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THE UNDERWATER TREADMILL
What is it?It?s like a regular walking treadmill put inside a fish tank! We
walk the dog inside, close and latch the door and then pump water in up to
the desired level ? usually about elbow or shoulder high. When we start up
the treadmill, the dog will naturally start walking. The tank can also be used
for swimming small dogs.
Why is it helpful?The water supports the dog?s weight, taking stress off
his joints. Walking in water is good exercise without damage to injured or
healing tissue. The water is also warm. Like a warm bath or a hot tub it
relaxes muscles, increases blood flow to muscles and tissues and reduces
What types of cases can benefit?For post-operative orthopedic patients
the treadmill provides a way to maintain muscle strength and cardiovascular
health while they are unable to walk far on dry ground. Dogs who are able to
use a treadmill recover much more quickly after surgery. For spinal patients
the treadmill can be the difference between walking again or not being able
to walk. Carefully placing the feet as the treadmill moves, while the weight
of the body is supported by the water, can teach and stimulate dogs to walk.
The treadmill is also great exercise for arthritic pets, especially those that
are overweight. Weight loss and conditioning are other uses of the treadmill.
When would you not want to use the underwater treadmill?This type of
exercise may not be appropriate for dogs with some types of heart and lung
diseases, with infections, open/draining surgical wounds or incisions, or with
infectious skin conditions.
How long does it take?Initial sessions may consist of only a few minutes of
treadmill walking. It also takes a few minutes at the beginning and end to fill
and drain the tank, and to dry the dog off. Massage, range of motion
stretching or gentle walking may be done first as warm-up exercises, and a
little cool-down walking is helpful afterwards as well for dogs that are
The less physically fit the pet, or the more severe the injury or
surgery the dog is recovering from, the shorter the session will be. Many
owners are surprised at how short the initial sessions are, but if you?ve ever
tried to walk through thigh-deep water or heavy snow you can understand
that it?s a lot of work to overcome the resistance of the water. Session
length is usually increased by about 10% per week. Fit pets or those using
the treadmill for strength and conditioning may walk for 30 minutes or more,
but most pets cannot tolerate a very long session at first.
How fast does it go?The speed of the treadmill should be slow enough for
the patient to walk calmly and in a coordinated fashion, without becoming
anxious or overtired. For exercise in a healthy, fit dog we may increase to
the speed of a trot instead of a walk.
How often should it be done?Although daily sessions would be ideal in
many cases, most pet owners try for two to three sessions per week. Less
than that is of limited benefit. Most dogs need 6 or more sessions to make
significant progress, so most clients purchase a six or ten pack of sessions.
My dog is afraid of water. Can he still use the treadmill?Most dogs
handle it well. They don?t have to actually immerse themselves in water or
swim, and the water level rises slowly enough that they generally aren?t
frightened by it. The first session for an apprehensive dog may be dedicated
more toward getting the pet accustomed to the experience than actual
rehabilitation. Treats, toys and praise from the owner usually go a long way
toward making it a pleasant experience. Some dogs love the treadmill and
others just tolerate it. Very few cannot use it at all. Even some cats will
learn to use it! If you are concerned about it, purchase one session to start
with. If things go well you can then invest in a package of sessions.